In 2015, the first ESRA-survey was conducted online (Computer assisted web interviewing; access panel) using representative samples of the national adult populations in 17 European countries (Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Poland, Portugal, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, The Netherlands, United Kingdom). A common questionnaire was developed in English (UK) and translated into 20 different country-language versions. The covered themes are: attitudes towards unsafe traffic behaviour, behaviour of other road users, feeling of unsafety as a road user, involvement in road crashes, reported police checks and perceived likelihood of getting caught for traffic offences, self-declared (unsafe) behaviour in traffic, support for road safety policy measures, use of different modes of transportation and some other items (e.g. socio-demographic information).Data collection took place simultaneously in June/July 2015. In total, the ESRA survey gathered data from more than 17,000 road users, including almost 11,000 frequent car drivers.
In 2016, eight additional countries (Australia, Canada, Czech Republic, Hungary, Israel, Norway, the Republic of Korea, USA) joint the consortium. In total, the first ESRA survey (2015/2016) gathered data from more than 26,000 road users including 15,600 frequent car drivers.
The current intention is to repeat this survey every three years. The next ESRA edition will be launched in 2018.
Geographical Coverage of ESRA
25 road safety organisations and research centres participate in the ESRA project.
Our objectives are
To obtain national information on opinions, behaviour and attitudes with respect to road traffic risks.
To compare road safety information across the European countries involved.
Topics covered in the ESRA-questionnaire:
Attitudes towards unsafe traffic behaviour
Behaviour of other road users
Subjective safety and risk perception
Involvement in road crashes
Reported police checks and perceived likelihood of getting caught for traffic offences
Self-declared (unsafe) behaviour in traffic
Support for road safety policy measures
Use of different modes of transportation
Other items (e.g. socio-demographic information)
The European road safety survey SARTRE4 was the last large scale measurement of social attitudes towards road traffic risk in Europe (homepage: www.attitudes-roadsafety.eu). Within this survey more than 20,000 road users across 19 European countries were interviewed (face to face) about their opinions, behaviour and attitudes with respect to road traffic risk. The data relate to 2010.
The ESRA questionnaire is inspired by the previous European project SARTRE and moreover, includes some questions of the AAAFTS-survey (USA) “Traffic Safety Culture Index”, which enables tentative comparisons among these projects.
The Belgian Road Safety Institute, in cooperation with a number of road safety organisations, took the initiative in 2015 to organise a similar but more modest road safety survey. Underlying this initiative is the aim of obtaining comparable road safety indicators between European countries. In 2016, ESRA extended its scope to North America, Asia and Australia. Current intentions are to repeat this survey every three years.